5.3 Automated Registration of Large Assemblies with Robot Guided 3D Sensors and CAD-based Planning
- ettc2022 - European Test and Telemetry Conference
2022-05-10 - 2022-05-12
- 5. Imaging & Video
- S. Sauer, D. Sopauschke, T. Dunker, D. Berndt - Fraunhofer Institute - IFF -, Magdeburg (Germany), M. Heizmann - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany)
- 129 - 136
We address the problem of automated inspection of rivets and brackets in aircraft fuselage shells with a robot guided 3D-sensor. High variety of such assemblies requires that an inspection automatically compares acquired 3D data to the CAD model representing the assembly. For this purpose, a precise sensor pose with respect to the fuselage shell coordinate system is needed. In this industrial context, the current set-up can deviate from the model by few centimeters which is too much for inspection. We present an automated registration method, which does not need further sensors for tracking. This method reduces the deviation between measured points and the CAD model to few tenth of a millimeter in regions with no assembly defect. Therefore, we find automatically measurement positions for registration which cover all degrees of freedom. The algorithm for registering the 3D points to the CAD model avoids the assignment of points to faces which cannot be reached by the sensor, and parts to be inspected. In addition, local registration can deal with slight deformation of the fuselage shell.