P1.8 Photo-electrochemical detection of nitrite ions on a SPE functionalized with TiO2 nanoparticles for environmental monitoring

20. GMA/ITG-Fachtagung Sensoren und Messsysteme 2019
2019-06-25 - 2019-06-26
Nürnberg, Germany
P1: Sensoren
A. Bouhamed, A. Al-Hamry, O. Kanoun, F. Wendler - Technische Universität Chemnitz (Deutschland), M. Elaguech, S. Ameur, M. Ali - University of Sousse (Tunesien)
578 - 583


In this paper, a highly sensitive photo-electrochemical sensor based on a screen printed carbon electrode SPE was developed for nitrite detection. The sensor was functionalized with titanium oxide nanoparticles having excellent photocatalytic properties. The functionalization of the working electrode was investigated by performing scanning electron microscopy imaging and energy-dispersive-X-ray (EDX). Both methods confirmed the successful modification of the electrodes. In addition, an optimization of pH value of the phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution was performed as it can influence the surface charge properties of the sensor. After the optimization, the sensor performance was characterized by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and square wave voltammetry (SWV) under illumination of an UV light source at a wavelength of 254 nm. The results show that in CV, the oxidation peaks have been enhanced around 20% by UV irradiation. This is the effect of the creation of electron/hole pairs in the structure of the TiO2. The Square Wave Voltammetry measurements show two linear regions: The first in the range of 30 100 μmol/L and the second in the range of 100 1000 μmol/L and a limit of detection of 0.16 μmol/L.